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This article was written by Chris Hobbs and appears with his permission
Sheffield's First Air Raid - 25th September 1916
"There is no such thing as a non-combatant in this war". David Lloyd George
The raid occurred on the night of
Monday 25th September 1916 when a single Zeppelin dropped 36 bombs in a line
between Burngreave and through Attercliffe to Darnall.
The Zeppelin in question was German Naval Zeppelin L22 that was under the command of Kapitanleutnant Martin Dietrich
Photo of the German Zeppelin L22 which bombed Sheffield - 25th September 1916
The Zeppelin approached the city
from the south east and circled clockwise over the city before dropping
incendiaries and high explosives in a south easterly
and then easterly direction over the northern districts of Pitsmoor and Attercliffe. The first bomb fell in Burngreave Cemetery where it demolished a boundary
wall and the second close to Danville Street where the first fatality occurred. The next bomb claimed the lives of two elderly women in a house in
Grimethorpe Road. At the corner of Petre Street and Lyon Road a man who I now believe was 59 year old Thomas Wilson, was looking out of a window
only to be killed by shrapnel and at 43 Writtle Street a 57 year old woman died from wounds and shock.
However far worse was to come. Two bombs fell in rapid succession in Cossey Road, the first of which demolished three houses in a row and penetrated the cellar of the middle one - 26 Cossey Road. In the cellar of no 26, four families were sheltering from the raid but stood little chance of surviving the explosion - three men, four women and three children were killed outright. The second bomb hit 10 Cossey Road killing a young couple Levi (23) and Beatrice Hames (22) and their baby son Horace William (1) as they lied together in bed.
The next bomb fell in Corby Street a further nine victims. Corby Street ran parallel to the Atlas Steel and Iron Works and the Norfolk Steel Works but the works remained untouched. At number 136 Corby Street, seven people in the same family, the Tyler's, were killed, five of which were children. In total the bomb claimed a further nine victims.
A bomb in Princess Street demolished the Primitive Methodist Chapel. Further bombs exploded near to Washford Road bridge and in Woodbourn Road where a man was blown to pieces as he warned a household to put out their lights. The Zeppelin finally disappeared east over the Darnall district of Sheffield.
The bombing had resulted in 24 fatalities outright. There was a further four fatalities in the days after the raid, leading to an overall total of 28. There were also 19 persons who received injuries in the raid. With regard to property, 89 houses were seriously damaged whilst another 150 suffered minor damage. The Baltic Arms at 420 Effingham Road was damaged in the raid.
All but three of the victims were buried in Sheffield's Burngreave Cemetery. The exception were the Hames family who are buried together in Sheffield's Abbey Lane Cemetery
The City's defences at the time of the attack were described as a "fiasco" and "shambolic". The officers of the local anti-aircraft defences were attending a ball at the Grand Hotel in Sheffield City Centre and so no order was given or received to engage the L22. I have looked through The Air Defence of Britain 1914-1918 and can't find any reference to suggest that any RFC aeroplanes saw/chased the L22.The airship remained unmolested. Needless to say, the bombing did lead to the installation of extra searchlights and guns on the hills that surround the city but it proved to be a case of shutting the stable door after the horse had bolted.
I cannot find any information about the objectives of the raid. A number of accounts point to the fact that Sheffield was one of the world's largest armaments producers and local industry was critical in the supply of material to the armies fighting the war against Germany and her allies. If this is the case then the raid can only count as being a spectacular failure - minimal if any damage was caused to local industry. However if the aim of the raid was to spread fear and anger among the civilian population then the raid can be classed as a success.
One researcher has noted that
"In the vast majority of cases, the
Zeppelin crews did not know where they were, over England. Obviously they knew,
most of the time, that they were, for example, over the East coast
or near the
Midlands. But that was about the extent of the accuracy.
For example, Martin Dietrich was unsure if he had bombed Lincoln or Sheffield, though he was 'inclined' to believe it was Sheffield (as his landmark was, correctly, Mablethorpe)"
On Armistice Day 1922 a Memorial was unveiled outside the Baltic Works in Effingham Road, Sheffield. To quote"the memorial was intended to perpetuate the infamy of the Germans as much as remember the dead"
The chairman of the Baltic Works told the large crowd attending the ceremony that if the Germans had had their way, the works and the surrounding houses would have ceased to exist. The memorial still stands near the entrance to the now defunct steel works. It reads
"Lest we Forget' on September 26th 1916 nine men, ten women and ten children were killed by a German air raid on Sheffield. One of the bombs fell close to this spot"
As for the L22 it had a short
career. It's first mission was on March 3rd 1916 and in total
covered 30 reconnaissance
missions; it's eight attacks on England resulted in the dropping of
9215 kg in bomb weight. It was finally destroyed by a British Curtis H12 Flying Boat flown by RNAS Flight Commander Robert Leckie (later Air Vice Marshal) near Terschelling, Northern Netherlands on May 14th, 1917 during a reconnaissance mission. All the crew members perished in the attack.
The New York Times dated 15th May 1917 carried the following report
1. In June 2007 a post was made to a local history message board in which a contributor points out that the casualty was his great grandmother "My Great Grandma, Elizabeth Bellamy (57) nee Pigott was killed during the raid by Zeppellin L22 on 26 Sep 1916. She was living at 43 Writtle Street (off Petre Street) and was protecting my mum who was 11 months old and in a cot at the same house"
Five months later, in November 2007, the same contributor to the excellent Sheffield and District Family History Society website gave the following information about his great grandmother (Elizabeth Bellamy) who was killed in the attack, and additional details of the raid itself. It is an rather moving and at times harrowing account of the raid
report of the Coroners inquest was given in the Sheffield Daily Independent on 29 September 1916, in which the circumstances of each fatality were given. The following passage referred to Elizabeth Bellamy:"An elderly married woman got out of bed when the first bomb dropped and was passing across the room to get her child when a bomb struck her in the back, tearing it open. Her body was nearly severed at the trunk. She died in hospital."
Photo of Elizabeth Bellamy - a
victim of the air raid
The Sheffield Daily Telegraph of the same day reported. "The husband of one of one victim said his wife was rushing across the bedroom to get at her child when a bomb struck her in the back."..........
During the early afternoon of Monday 25 September 1916, five Zeppelins took off from their bases in northern Germany with orders to attack England. Three of the airships were heading for London and the South of England. The remaining two Zeppelins, L-21 and L-22, respectively commanded by Kapitänleutnant Frankenburg and Kapitänleutnant Martin Dietrich were to attack the North Midlands industrial towns. Dietrich's target was Sheffield.
Many of Britain's leading armament and munitions firms were based in Sheffield; it was therefore a prime target for the German Zeppelins. Indeed, Sheffield had been the intended target on previous raids, but on each occasion the attacking Zeppelins failed to find the city.
L-21 crossed the Lincolnshire coast at 9.45 pm, about 45 minutes ahead of Dietrich in L-22. It was heading in the general direction of Sheffield and triggered an air raid warning. Throughout the city electric 'buzzers' warned people to take cover. This was Sheffield's 14th air raid warning, but so far the city had escaped attack. For some the warnings created a sense of panic and they fled to the city's parks and woods hoping they would be safe from falling bombs. Many followed the official advice and took refuge in their cellars. Others saw the warnings as a spectacle believing that Sheffield's inland location and surrounding hills would make it impossible for a Zeppelin to find the city at night.
Shortly after the warning was given, Thomas Wilson, a 59 year old engineer's fitter of 73 Petre Street, came out of his house to and chatted with neighbours. He was sceptical of the Zeppelin threat and told a next-door neighbour that they would never come to Sheffield. Ninety minutes later he became one of the raid's first fatalities.
At 10.56 pm, as L-21 approached Sheffield, Captain Edward Clifton, Royal Flying Corps, took off from Coal Aston airfield in a BE 2C biplane night-fighter to intercept it (the old airfield site now lies beneath the modern Jordanthorpe estate). The weather over Sheffield was cloudy with poor visibility. Finding the Zeppelin in such conditions was hopeless and Captain Clifton attempted to land back at Coal Aston, but crashed on high ground. Although the aircraft was damaged he escaped injury. L-21 turned away just before reaching Sheffield and skirted around the north of the city before heading off to drop its bombs in Lancashire.
About 12.20 am L-22 arrived over the city. At 585 ft 5 in long with a maximum diameter of 61 ft 4 in, even by modern aviation standards its size was impressive. The airship was constructed from an aluminium framework covered with waterproofed cotton. Within the framework were eighteen gas cells filled with hydrogen, a lighter than air gas, which kept the machine in the air. It was powered by four petrol engines and had a top speed of around 60 miles per hour.
The Zeppelin flew across the city to the Fulwood and Redmires areas and then turned east towards Attercliffe. L-22 accelerated to full speed and began zigzagging its way across the city, a tactic employed to make it a more difficult for defending anti-aircraft guns to score a hit.
The first bombs, two incendiaries, were dropped around 12.25 am and fell in Burngreave Cemetery, near to the Melrose Road entrance. Other than scorching some grass and a notice board no damage was caused.
The first high explosive bomb fell in Danville Street killing 49 year old Frederick Stratford, who was struck by shrapnel whilst in bed. In nearby Grimesthorpe Road a bomb fell on No 112 and exploded killing 76 year old Ann Coogan and her 56 year old daughter, Margaret Taylor. At 73 Petre Street, Thomas Wilson, who had retired to bed, heard the exploding bombs and rushed to his bedroom window. His timing could not have been worse. As he looked out a bomb fell on a nearby outbuilding and exploded. He was struck on the chin by a bomb fragment and died instantly.
The next bomb, a high explosive, fell on Writtle Street (now Maxwell Way). Shrapnel from the bomb hit 57 year old Elizabeth Bellamy in the back as she rushed across her bedroom. She was taken to the Royal Hospital, off West Street, where three hours later she died from her injuries.
Two high explosives bombs fell in Cossey Road causing dreadful loss of life. The first landed on a block of three terrace houses comprising No's 26, 28 and 30. In No 28 Alice and Albert Newton were killed as they lay in bed. Luckily, their infant son was spending the night with his grandmother in a nearby street and was unharmed. George and Eliza Harrison lived at No 26 with their two daughters and two grandchildren. After the warning had sounded they were joined by their neighbours from No 24, William and Sarah Southerington. George and William stayed in the living room while everyone else took shelter in the cellar. All eight were killed in the explosion. The Southeringtons' house suffered only minor damage and had they stayed at home would probably have survived. The second Cossey Road bomb landed on No 10 killing Levi and Beatrice Hames and their one year old son.
In Corby Street (now Fred Mulley Road) a high explosive bomb demolished No 142 killing Selina (41) and Joseph Tyler (45) and their five children Joseph Henry (14), Ernest (11), Albert (8), Amelia (5) and John (2). The same bomb also killed 11 year old Richard Brewington of 134 Corby Street and fatally injured Martha Shakespeare of 143 Corby Street, who died later in the day in the Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Road.
The last casualty of the raid was in Woodbourne Hill where William Guest, a Corporation wagon driver, was killed in the street by a bomb as he tried to warn the occupants of a house that they were showing a light.
The final few high explosive bombs fell near to Manor Lane, but did little damage. The Zeppelin then flew over Darnall and Tinsley Park Colliery where it dropped several incendiary bombs, before heading out to sea and returning safely to Germany.
Although a number of anti-aircraft guns were located around Sheffield, cloud prevented their crews from seeing the Zeppelin. A gun sited at Shiregreen was the only one to take action. It fired two rounds in the approximate direction of the airship without result.
After the raid came the grim task of recovering the bodies of those buried in wrecked houses. Over the following week funerals for the victims were held; all but three were buried in the Burngreave Cemetery. (Other authorities state that only 20 of the fatalities are buried in Burngreave Cemeterey)
The full list of the fatalities is as follows
Bellamy. Elizabeth, Died.
Brewington. Richard, Died.
Coogan. Ann, Died.
Guest. William, Died.
Hames. Beatrice, Died.
Hames. Horace William, Died.
Hames. Levi, Died.
Harrison. George, Died.
Harrison. Vera, Died.
Harrison.Eliza Ann, Died.
Newton. Albert, Died.
Newton. Alice, Died.
Rhodes. Elsie Mary, Died.
Rhodes. Nellie, Died.
Rhodes. Phyllis Irene, Died.
Shakespeare. Martha, Died.
Southerington. Sarah Ann, Died.
Southerington. William, Died.
Stratford. Frederick, Died.
Taylor. Margaret, Died.
Tyler. Albert, Died.
Tyler. Amelia, Died.
Tyler. Ernest, Died.
Tyler. John, Died.
Tyler. Joseph Henry, age 14. Died.
Tyler. Joseph Henry, age 45. Died.
Tyler. Selina, Died.
Wilson. Thomas, Died.
The Tyler family were buried together on Saturday 30th September 1915 in Burngreave Cemetery - the grave reference is E3 093 (Gen)
The Inquest was held a couple of days after the attack and was reported in the local paper - Sheffield Daily Telegraph. It should be borne in mind that the press was subject to censorship and so Sheffield is described as a "North Midlands" town
CORONER AND WORTHLESS VERDICTS
Inquests were held by a North Midland coroner yesterday on the bodies of the victims of the recent air raid. The majority of the bodies werethose of women and children.
The Coroner expressed very sincere and deep sympathy with the relatives of the unfortunate persons who met their deaths in the raid.
The course he had decided to adopt was to identify the unfortunate victims, hear short evidence as to their injuries and the cause of death, and then to adjourn the enquiry for possibly for a fortnight. In the meantime he proposed to confer with the authorities to see whether at the adjourned inquiry any statement or key evidence or any information could be put before a Court which may have the effect of reassuring the public.
The Coroner continuing said he was going to appeal to their common-sense not to come to such a conclusion as to return a verdict of "Wilful Murder" against the Kaiser as a jury had done in another part of the country. It was an absurd verdict, for there was no evidence to implicate the Kaiser, and their opinion and his opinion were after all worthless in Germany. Another jury returned a verdict of "Murder" against the crew of the Zeppelin but that was equally absurd. The soldiers and sailors who were bombing the towns on instructions
Evidence was given by a an institutional surgeon as to the injuries sustained by a woman and a boy who died in a hospital some hours after admission. The woman was suffering from a fracture of the right femur, and extensive lacerations to the right leg and the boy was covered with contusions as though he had been crushed by something falling upon him. Death in such instance was due to shock caused by the injuries.
In the case of the woman it was stated by her husband that she was about to follow him into the cellar where he had taken the children for safety when she was struck. She called out to him for assistance and as she was badly injured he went out of the house and procured assistance. Another woman was stated to have succumbed to injuries to the back and the shoulders, the doctor saying that practically all the muscles were torn. (57 year old Elizabeth Bellamy)
Giving evidence as to the identification of a sister, brother in law, four nephews and a niece, one witness said that with the exception of one little nephew, the victims were all dead when they were recovered from the house that had been struck by a bomb. (The Tyler Family). The little boy died in the hospital a few hours after admission. The husband of one victim said his wife was rushing across the bedroom to get he child when a bomb struck her in the back.
The son of a man killed said that they were sleeping in the same room when three bombs were dropped in the vicinity. He went to see if his father was safe but found him dead on the bed, Witness received injuries to his hand and knee from the bomb. With regard to the death of an elderly man who made his home with his son, evidence was given to the effect that as soon as the first bomb dropped he jumped out of bed and ran to the window. As he was looking out of the window another bomb exploded and he was struck by a piece of flying fragment on the chin and killed instantly. (Thomas Wilson)
In another case where the victims
were a young married couple and their baby the evidence was that they were in
bed when a bomb dropped wrecking the house and the three were
dead when recovered from the debris of the house later. (Levi and Beatrice Hames and their one year old son Horace)
As to the fate of a mother and two girls dated six and four years respectively it was stated that the bodies of the victims were recovered from the debris of the house which had been demolished but the witness was unable to say whether they were killed by the explosion of a bomb or by falling wreckage.. in the same house the father, the mother and the sister of the mother of the two children also succumbed, a witness stating that he believed they were suffocated.
Two neighbours who were in the same house were also killed. Another young couple had been blown out of their house in different directions, the wife being found on the pavement at the opposite side and the husband in the back yard. The evidence relating to the date of a mother and a grandmother, the latter aged 76 years showed that after the house was struck by a bomb screaming was heard but before assistance was forthcoming, the whole fabric collapsed burying the occupants in the debris. Both persons were dead when recovered from the the ruins. (76 year old Ann Coogan and her 56 year old daughter, Margaret Taylor)
Another victim was a boy who had no sooner shouted "The Zepps are here" than the house collapsed after being struck by a bomb. The mother and a lodger escaped. A police sergeant giving evidence said that he found the body of a man lying in a yard within three yards of a bomb that exploded. At this stage the Coroner adjourned the inquiry until 12th of October
In September 2009 I received an e-mail from a visitor to this site who informed me that
" You say that the victim of the bomb dropped at the corner of Petre St and Lyon Road may have been Thomas Wilson. I can confirm to you that it was Thomas Wilson. He was apparently stood in the upstairs room of the house with his Granddaughter Nelly, looking out for the Zeppelin. My Grandfather, Bill Wilson (who just turned 4 years old a few days before), was downstairs with the rest of the family. I understand that shrapnel from the bomb killed Thomas instantly (he was almost decapitated), and my Great Aunt Nelly was apparently scarred from all the glass shards from the window."
In August 2010 the same descendent kindly provided me with a photo of Thoamas and his work colleagues
Thomas Wilson is the large man, second from the left on the front row. Apparently he got to be that size because of the beer he drank! According to my grandfather, he was not only provided with beer at work to keep cooler around the furnaces, but also a dray cart from the brewery also dropped a barrel off at his house every week!!!
Taken from The Sheffield History Forum
2.The message board also points out that the Sheffield Local Studies Library also has in its possession a notebook that has the writers personal reminiscences of a Zeppelin raid in Sheffield>
"From Matilda Street the Zeppelin sounded like a traction engine coming from Darnall. The sound seemed to go by Woodseats, Ecclesall and Crookes. And shortly I saw flashes of blue light and heard sharp, very loud reports. Over the Midland Station it appeared to be. But the first bomb dropped on the corner of Burngreave cemetery. Most damage and loss of life was done on Petre Street where most was killed. Houses were wiped out and windows and rooms wrecked in the vicinity. A chapel in Princess Street was demolished.
There were [AA] batteries at the Manor, Wincobank Hill and Ecclesall. But not a shot was fired. The
officers were at a ball at the Grand.
The writer then goes on to detail the location of the AA guns One set of guns and a searchlight was just off High Storrs Road, about where the infant school is now, and the other site was along Marsh House Rd, which was a track across a field at the time. Apparently they used to practice with the lights, and it was a public entertainment to go up there and watch the lights from these sites and others at Norton and Wincobank Hill.
3. Specification of the L22 Zeppelin ( From The Zeppelin Museum Website)
Baunummer: LZ 64
Länge: 178,5 m
Durchmesser: 18,7 m
Volumen: 35.800 m3
Leergewicht: 24.100 kg
Nutzlast: 17.498 kg
Motorleistung: 240 PS
Gesamtleistung: 960 PS
Geschwindigkeit: 26,4 m/s
1. Fahrt: 03.03.1916
Außer Dienst: 14.05.1917
Kommandant: Kapitänleutnant Martin Dietrich
ab 07.10.1916 Kapitänleutnant Hollender
ab 14.02.1917 Kapitänleutnant Hankow
ab 22.02.1917 Oberleutnant z. See Lehmann
ab 15.03.1916 Nordholz
ab 16.04.1916 Tondern
ab 20.09.1916 Nordholz
ab 03.03.1917 Hage
ab 05.04.1917 Wittmundhaven
Einsätze: 30 Aufklärungen
8 Angriffe mit 9.215 kg Bomben
Am 14. Mai 1917 kehrte L22 von einer Aufklärungsfahrt nicht mehr zurück. In den USA gebaute Curtiss-Flugboote mit großer Reichweite hatten es bei Terschelling abgeschossen.
Es gab keine Überlebenden.
In mid 2006 two authors called Mark Goodwill and Glynn May wrote a two
part article in The Star about the Zeppelin Raids of 26 Sept 1916. They also
have a very informative
web-site that gives further details of the
Zeppelin raid on Sheffield in 1916.
An Overview of the Zeppelin Raids on England 1914 - 1918 (from Wikipedia)
The first ever aerial bombardment of civilians was on January 19, 1915, in which two German Zeppelins dropped 24 fifty-kilogram high-explosive bombs and ineffective three-kilogram incendiaries on the English towns of Great Yarmouth, Sherringham, Kings Lynn, and the surrounding villages. In all, four people were killed, sixteen injured, and monetary damage was estimated at £7,740, although the public and media reaction were out of proportion to the death toll.
London was accidentally bombed in May, and, in July 1916, the Kaiser allowed directed raids against urban centres. There were 23 airship raids in 1916 in which 125 tons of ordnance were dropped, killing 293 people and injuring 691. Gradually British air defences improved. In 1917 and 1918 there were only eleven Zeppelin raids against England, withand the final raid occurred on August 5, 1918, which resulted in the death of KK Peter Strasser, commander of the German Naval Airship Department. By the end of the war, 51 raids had been undertaken, in which 5,806 bombs were dropped, killing 557 people and injuring 1,358. It has been argued that the raids were effective far beyond material damage in diverting and hampering wartime production, and diverting twelve squadrons and over 10,000 men to air defences.
The grave of William Guest in Burngreave Cemeterey Sheffield. His wife Elizabeth was to live for another fifty years before being reunited with her husband
5. Taken from a local pamphlet describing the aftermath of the raid
6. The Baby Killers (Pen and
Sword), by Thomas Fegan: gives the following information about the raid. The
sentence "A bomb in Princess Street demolished the Primitive Methodist Chapel,
all except for one wall on which a text read above the ruins: `A new commandment
I give unto you, that ye love one another'. is rather poignant!
"The industrial city of Sheffield was one of the largest armaments producers in the Empire and was vital to the war effort. When a German Navy Zeppelin raided it on the night of 25/26 September 1916 bombs only narrowly missed the city's factories, striking closely built workers' houses instead. The raid was conducted by Kapitanleutnant Martin Dietrich in L22, who approached Sheffield from the south-east. The Zeppelin circled clockwise over the city before dropping incendiaries and high explosives in a south-easterly and then easterly direction over Pitsmoor and Attercliffe, suburbs north of the city centre.
The first bomb fell in Burngreave Cemetery, the second close to Danville Street where a man was killed.
In Grimesthorpe Road, the next bomb split a house in two and killed its two elderly female inhabitants; at the corner of Petre Street and Lyons Road an old man was struck dead by shrapnel as he looked out of his window; an elderly woman died from wounds and shock caused by a bomb in Writtle Street. Nearing the heart of Sheffield's munitions works, two high explosives fell in rapid succession in Cossey Road. The first demolished three houses in a row and penetrated the cellar of the middle one, number 26, where four families were sheltering; three men, four women and three children were killed by the explosion. The second landed at number 10, blowing up a young couple and their baby son as they slept together in bed.
In Corby Street, on the other side of the steel and iron works, a bomb accounted for a further nine victims, seven of them at number 136, where five of the family were children. A bomb in Princess Street demolished the Primitive Methodist Chapel, all except for one wall on which a text read above the ruins: `A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another'. Further bombs fell
close to the bridge beside Washford Road and in Woodbourn Road where a man in the street was blown up while warning a household to put out their lights. The Zeppelin finally disappeared east over Darnall, leaving behind twenty-eight dead and nineteen injured. The total could have been much worse. Sheffield's defences were afterwards described as a fiasco, no order having been given for AA to open fire during the raid. To address deficiencies, extra searchlights and guns were mounted on the hills around the city against future attacks.
Bitterness about the raid continued after the war. When a memorial was unveiled outside the Baltic Steel Works on Armistice Day 1922, it was intended to perpetuate the infamy of the Germans as much as remember the dead. The Chairman of the works told the large gathering assembled for the ceremony that if the Germans had had their way neither the works nor they would still exist. Although no longer a steelworks, the building and memorial still stand on Effingham Road, off Attercliffe Road. Fifty yards left of the Baltic Works entrance, the large grey stone set back in the brick wall reads: `Lest we Forget' on September 26th 1916 nine men, ten women and ten children were killed by a German air raid on Sheffield. One of the bombs fell close to this spot.
(The bomb referred to is probably the one that landed near Washford Road)."
7. Whilst I was researching another
article for the site in the I came across this report that throws a different
perspective on the events of 25th September 1916.
It is from the Sheffield Telegraph dated 19th June 1960
A month later in October 2010 I found, purely by chance, another article from The Sheffield Star dated April 1961 which provides a fascinating insight into the events of that Monday night in 1916
From accounts at the time we know the L-22 travelled
east from Sheffield and followed a route taking it over Mexborough and
Finningley near Doncaster towards the coast. There were
other raids in the area
but not at that time Exactly a year later on 24-25th September 1917 a Zeppelin
dropped several bombs harmlessly in fields near an ironworks at Rotherham.
The Sheffield Daily Independent published an account of the "1916 Sheffield raid" on 3rd December 1918. The article also made reference to a subsequent raid:
“On one occasion afterwards – when a Zeppelin visited Rawmarsh and the district between Rotherham and Mexbro’ not a few people formed view that the raider narrowly missed Sheffield again, and passing wide of the city on the southern and western sides wandered somewhere round by Bradfield and Langsett, and in a circle through the Barnsley, Cudworth and Rawmarsh area, and back to the coast. The explosion of the bombs dropped was heard in Sheffield.”